Asremrooz - Latest news :: rss_full_edition Fri, 25 Oct 2013 18:48:07 GMT News Studio (News publishing and Editorial teamwork system) {FILE_SERVER_DOMAIN}/skins/default/en/{CURRENT_THEME}/ch01_newsfeed_logo.gif Produced by Asremrooz 100 70 en Copyright (c) Asremrooz, all rights reserved. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 18:48:07 GMT History 60 Imam Hadi Peace Be Upon Him Imam Hadi( peace be upon him) was born in Medina to the ninth Shiah Imam, Muhammad al-Taqi, (also known as Imam Muhammad al-Jawad), and Lady Samane was his mother and His father, Imam al-Jawad , ( peace be upon him) was the wonder of the world through his talents and intellectual abilitiesHis epithets expressed the high qualities he possessed. His epithets are as follows: An-Nasih (loyal); he was called so because he was the sincerest advisor to the nation.Al-Mutawakkil (reliant on Allah). At-Taqiy (pious, devout); he was called so because he feared Allah and turned to Him. Al-Murtadha (being pleased with Allah); it was his most famous epithet. Al-Faqeeh (jurisprudent); he was the most informed person of his age in jurisprudence, and was the authority that jurisprudents and scholars turned to. Al-Aalim (knowledgeable); he was the most knowledgeable one among the people of his time, not only in the Islamic laws, but all branches of knowledge and sciences. Al-Ameen means trustee on religion and life. At-Tayyib means generous, kind-hearted, good-natured. His LineamentsHe was brown17 like his father Imam al-Jawad and grandfather Imam ar-Ridha (peace be upon them). Narrators described that he was black-eyed, with thick hands, wide chest, hooked nose, pretty face, and good body odor. He was stout in body like his grandfather Imam Abu Ja’far al-Baqir (a.s.), neither short nor tall, with wide shoulders, big organs…straight stature.The intelligence, intellectual abilities, and talents which Imam al-Hadi ( peace be upon him) had in his childhood astonished the minds and amazed the intellect. He had a strong memory, excessive intelligence, and sharp wit. Historians have mentioned many examples of his intelligence. They mentioned that al-Mu’tasim, the Abbasid caliph, after having assassinated Imam Muhammad al-Jawad ( peace be upon him), charged Umar bin al-Faraj to go to Yathrib (Medina) in order to choose a teacher for Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) who was six years and some months old then. He asked him to choose a teacher that must be one of the enemies of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) so that he (the teacher) would feed him hatred towards the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).When Umar arrived in Yathrib, he met the wali there and informed him of his task. The wali and some others directed him to al-Junaydi who had intense ill will towards the Alawids. Umar sent for al-Junaydi who accepted the task. A monthly salary was assigned to al-Junaydi and he was charged to prevent the Shi’a from visiting or contacting Imam al-Hadi (a.s.). Al-Junaydi began teaching Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) but he was astonished at his sharp wit and acute intelligence. One day, Muhammad bin Ja’far met al-Junaydi and asked him,‘What about this boy (Imam al-Hadi) whom you teach?’Al-Junaydi said to him angrily, ‘Do you say “this boy” and not “this sheikh”? I ask you by Allah; do you know anyone in Medina more aware in knowledge and literature than me?’Muhammad bin Ja’far said, ‘No!’Al-Junaydi said, ‘I mention some matters of literature and think that I have elaborated upon them, but he (Imam al-Hadi) opens sections of literature where I myself learn from him. People think that I teach him, but, by Allah, I learn from him…’After some time Muhammad bin Ja’far met al-Junaydi again and asked him, ‘What about the boy?’Al-Junaydi said to him, ‘Let you not say so! By Allah, he is the best of the inhabitants of the earth and the best of the creatures of Allah. Many a time, when he wants to enter his room, I say to him, ‘You do not enter the room until you recite a surah.’ He says, ‘Which surah you want me to recite?’ I ask him to recite long surahs and he recites them in a way that I have heard no recitation better than his. He recites the surahs with a voice nicer than the pipes of Prophet David (a.s.). He has memorized the Qur'an from its beginning until its end and he knows its revelation and interpretation…’ Al-Junaydi added, ‘This young boy grew up in Medina between black walls. How did he obtain this immense knowledge? Glory be to Allah!’Al-Junaydi gave up his enmity towards the Ahlul Bayt and believed in them and in their Imamate.Imam Hadi’s sayings1. Humbleness is treating the people the way you like to be treated.2. God has some areas where he likes to be supplicated in and the prayer of the supplicatory is accepted; the Hossain's (P.B.U.H.) sanctuary is one of these.3. Whoever feared God , people fear him whoever obeyed God is obeyed ( by others ) ; whoever obeyed God didn't care for creature's wrath ; and whoever made God angry ( with him ) should have certitude that he will meet the creature's wrath.4. The one who doesn't eat meat for forty days, and the one who eats meat for successive forty days get ill-humored.5. Whoever was firm and persistence in the way of obedience to God , the afflictions of this world are easy for him even if cut in to pieces.6. If I said that the one who leaves precautionary concealment is as the one who leaves praying, I have said the truth.7. The thanking person is more happy for thanking than for the blessing causing the thanking , because the blessing is the article of this world ( while ) thanking is the blessing of this world and the hereafter8. God made this world the inn for examination the hereafter the inn for reckoning, the afflictions of this world the means for the hereafter's reward and the here after's reward the compensation for this world's affliction.9. It is likely that a meek oppressor is forgiven by his meekness and the rightful fool is likely to extinguish the light of his rightness by his foulness.10. Don't be secured from the evil of the one who is disrespectful to himself.11. If all people chose a path to walk on, I would go to the path of the one who sincerely worships only: God.12. Envy destroys good-deeds. Envy destroys good-deeds.13. Arrogance causes enmity. Arrogance causes enmity.14. Poverty is the self's greed and increased despair15. Greed is an inadmissible trait.16. Greed is the most un-recommendable character and moral.17. Anger at your subordinates is meanness.18. Whoever was pleased with himself the (number of the) enraged with him increase ]]> History Thu, 24 Oct 2013 16:09:32 GMT Arafat TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Zihajeh 9th is Arafa day, a day to pray with Lord of worlds. Every moment is considered precious moments for us today especially for pray and asking our request. Arafah is a day of Forgiveness from sins, freedom from the hell-fire for the peopleThis is the day where the pilgrims assemble on the plain of ‘Arafah to complete one of the essential rituals of the Hajj.This is a great festival although it is not named festival in Islamic events. Allah has invited people to pray in this day. He spread his generosity and kindness in this day .devil is so angry in Arafat.This is the best opportunity and we should not lose this opportunity especially from noon until sunset.Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him) about Arafat has said “oh my Lord today is the day of Arafat, this is great day and you forgive sins in this day”.It has been narrated that once imam Sajjad heard a poor who requested people on Arafe Day. Imam (peace be upon him) said “why do you ask people since there is Allah‘s mercy for even children?”What is recommended in Arafat Day1. Taking shower , washing the body in a particular order, called Qosl,first head, second the right side of the body and the left side of the body,2. Ziarat of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) it is considered as one thousand Haj and Jihad. If a person can visit Imam Hussein is similar those who are in Arafat plain3. After saying Namaz of Asr , say two Rakats pray under the sky and confess sins. Sheikh Kafami in Mesbah book said “ it is better to fact in Arafat day, pray, take shower, recite imam Hussein(peace be upon him) ziarat. Say two rakats pray under the say in the first Rakat recite Touhis surah after Hamd and in the second Rakat recite Kaferoun Surah after Hamd. Then say four Rakats pray and recite fifty Touhid Surah after Hamd.Why Arafe?When Jibraeil was teaching Haj to Ebrahim asked “ do you know” he answered “ Yes” so Arafe means know.When pilgrim arrive in this land they confess their sinsThey must tolerate suffer to reach this landAdam in ArafatImam Sadeq (peace be upon him) has stated “when Adam descended from heaven to the earth, he went to the top of the Safa mountain every day cried and prayed. Jebraeil asked “why are you crying?” he said “because I descent” repent and return to God” Adam said “how?” Jibraeil got him to Mina on Zihaje 8th. Adam stayed there and h went to Araft in the morning. Jibraeil taught him how to pray and say “Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik (Here I am answering your call, O God). Then he learnt how to take shower, qosl,. Then he invited him to Arafat and taught him the words that Allad had taught him There is no God but YouI made mistakeI confess my sinsForgive me You are generous and kindAdam was praying until sunset and crying. He went to Mashar and stayed there. In the morning he woke up and prayed so Allah forgave him.Ebrahim in ArafatHibraei taught Haj to Ebrahim and he said “ I know I know”.The holy Prophet in ArafatThe holy prophet of Islam held his sahara classes in Arafat mountain and according to some interpreter the last surah’s of the holy Quran have been descended to him there and he taught then to the learners.The holy prophet (peace be upon him) had an speech in this historical dayThere is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the day of Arafat. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels saying, 'What do these people (the Hajis) want ]]> History Tue, 15 Oct 2013 20:12:07 GMT Imam Muhammad Al Baqer “Revealer of Knowledge” TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Zihijjah 7th is anniversary of martyrdom of Imam Muhammad Baqer.Muhammad al-Baqir was born on the 1st of the month of Rajab, 57th Hijra, in the city of Medina. Because of his resemblance to his great-grandfather he was named Muhammad, because of it that he analyzed the knowledge and made manifest its secrets he became known with the title of al-Baqir. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was awarded the title Baqir al-'Ulum "Revealer of Knowledge" because of his ample religious and judicial knowledge and his enthusiasm to teach othersHis titles are Shaker, Hadi and Saber that they indicate his characteristic. He had only one kunya. It was Abu Ja‘far His father was the previous Imām, ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn, His father was the Lord of the prostrators (in worship) and ornament of the worshipers and his mother was Fatimah bint al-Hasan. As for his mother, she was a pure chaste woman. She was Fatima, the daughter of Imam al-Hasan, the Lord of the youth of Heaven. Imam Mohammed al-Baqir (peace be upon him) was born in Medina, on the third day of the month of Safar, in the year 56 A. H. It was said (that he was) on Friday, during the early days of the month of Rajab. He was born three years before his grandfather, Imam Husain, peace be on him, was killed.The Imam, peace be on him, resided in Medina throughout his life. He did not leave it for another city. In it, he was the first teacher and great pioneer for scientific cultural movements. He used the Prophetic Mosque as school for him. There he gave his lectures to his students. In his life of respectable and scholarly retirement at Madina, the Imam was frequently called upon to explain particular teachings in regard to Imamat. A synopsis of his teaching in the Ma’athirul-Baqir is given in Cannon Sell’s Ithna Ashariya, an interesting part of which may well be quoted, as it shows the emphasis at this early period on the intellectual and spiritual character of the Imamat. While in Medinah Imam Muhammed al-Baqir (peace be upon him) continued with the progress of the schools of theology opened up on his advice and with the support of the companions of Ahlulbayt. It is noted by many historians that until the death of The 5th Imam (peace be upon him) there were 25000 students in these schools learning Fiqh, Theology and Islamic science. It was at this time that 400 books of Hadith were compiled by the students of these schools under the guidance of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir(peace be upon him). These are some of his attitudes that are full of mercy, clemency, and self- denial. Indeed the morals of the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on him, are a school that is based on honor, nobility, and on everything through which man becomes high. The historians have unanimously agreed that the Imam, peace be on him, treated kindly those who mistreated him. He forgave them and bestowed liberally upon them to uproot from them aggression against others. The following are some of his attitudes towards them: he slaughtered every day a ewe. He cooked the ewe and divided it among the poor and the deprived. MartyrdomThe Ummayad Caliph Hisham ibn Abdul Malik was not happy with the progress our 5th Imam was making in reaching out to the people of not only Madinah but throughout the Muslim Lands. This spiritual influence would change into political influence and this would jeopardize the Caliphs own position as head of the state. The more the Ummayad Government learnt about Imam’s prestige and popularity, the more intolerable his existence became. At last they resorted to the same soundless weapon, poison which used to be applied by the cunning monarchs quite often to eliminate their opponents or suspects. A saddle was presented to the Imam in which poison was applied most skillfully. When he mounted on it the poison affected his whole body. After few days in pain the Imam expired on 7th of Zilhijja 114 Hijri.Some saying of Imam Muhammad- Al- BAqer1. Imam said, "Our followers are of three kinds, one who follows us but depends on others, one who is like a glass involved in his own reflections, but the best are those who are like gold, the more they suffer the more they shine.2. I admonish you regarding five things; if you are wronged, do not commit wrong doing to others, if you are betrayed, do not betray anyone, if you are called a liar, do not be furious, if you are praised, do not be jubilant, if you are criticized do not fret and think of what is said in criticism, if you find in yourself what is criticized about you, then you are falling down in the eyes of God; when you are furious about the truth, it is much greater calamity then your falling down in the eyes of the people. And if you are opposite of what is said (in criticism) about you, then it is a merit you acquired without having to tire yourself in obtaining it.”3. To lie is from the desolation and depravity of faith.4. The faithful does not become coward, greedy and miser.5. God is the friend of modest, tolerant and forbearing person.6. The scholar whose existence is fruitful and useful his worth is more than seventy thousand silly, witless ascetics (worshipers).7. God does not like the scurrilous.8. Avoid languidness (extenuation) because it is the key to every indecency and ruins and spoils the religion and the world (worldly affairs) of man.9. Whosoever commits excesses over the servants of God, will not be from our Shias.10. Avoid envying and being jealous of each other keep away from selfishness (egotism), do not adopt cruelty, be vigilant and watchful about your prayers, be the friend of oppressed ones.11. Whoever tries to perform the errands and works of the Muslims and eases their difficulties is like the Muslim martyr who might have martyred in the battle of Bader and Uhud12. Imam Muhammad Baqir (AS) says that Imam Ali once said: There were two things in this world, which softened the Wrath of Allah and prevented its descent upon man: One has been taken away from you; hold the other steadfastly. The one which has been taken away from men is the Holy Prophet and the one which is still left with them and which they must hold steadfastly is repentance and atonement for sins because Allah at one place in the Holy Book addressed the Holy Prophet and said Allah would not punish them while you were among them nor while they were asking for forgiveness. 13. Indeed if you are good in teaching the people and do not show pride towards them, then Allah will increase you from His favor. However if you prevent them from learning your knowledge, then it is incumbent upon Allah, the Great and Almighty, to deprive you of knowledge and its splendor and to drop your position from the hearts of people."14. Whoever recites the Holy Qur'an while standing in prayer, Allah Almighty will bestow a hundred blessings for every letter; whoever recites it while sitting in prayer, Allah will reward with fifty blessings for every letter; whoever recites the Qur'an outside of prayer, Allah will grant ten blessings for each letter.15. Remember your previous sins with severe repentance and more seeking forgiveness. 16. One who disobeys Allah has no knowledge of him. 17. The scholar who derives benefit from his knowledge is better than 70,000 devotees. ]]> History Sat, 12 Oct 2013 14:57:03 GMT Imam Javad’s Martyrdom TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Although Imam Javad(peace be upon him) was so young, he could spread his though and belief. Intellectual works and hadiths which have been narrated and questions have been replied by him have decorated Islamic history. He was 25 years old when he was martyred.Mo’atase Abbasi invited him from Mediana to Baghdad. Imam Javad (peace be upon him) entered on Moharram 220. Mo’atasem who was his wife’s uncle with Jafar, Mamoun’s son, and Imolfazl, Imam’s wife, tried to kill Imam Javad (peace be upon him) with in order to save Khelafat in Abbasian Family. So they pursued her and said “you are Khalife’s niece but Mohammad Ebn Ali Aljavad (peace be upon him) respected Hadi’s mother more than you”.Being jealous, omefazl was tempted by these two individuals. They sent poisonous grapes to Imam’s house in order to kill Imam(peace be upon him). Omefazl as it was ordered gave it to Imam Javad (peace be upon him) then she tried to persuade Imam by description their delicious taste. Imam Javad (peace be upon him) ate some.Omefazl was remorseful and tearful when she was her young husband so painful. Imam said (peace be upon him) “ why are you crying, it is so late. You should know that these days God will fall you in a pain and suffering that you cannot be rescued”. The poisoning of Imam Javad (AS) is quoted by others.Hazrat Imam (Taqi) Jawad a.s said ,• God will forgave all of the sins of one who pays a visit to my father's ( Hazrat Imam Ali Raza a.s ) grave & Paradise is his .• Hazrat Imam (Taqi) Jawad a.s said , For he who makes a pilgrimage to my father ( Hazrat Imam Ali Raza a.s ) , I guarantee heaven .• The Person who abandons conciliation with people so the undesirable (gloom misery , distress) gets nearer to him. • The men who does not know the ways of arrival & entry the ways of exit & exodus will tire & irk him• The one who get satisfied & contented with a thing before recognition & information so he has presented himself to annihilation , & a troublesome & awful end. • The one who rides (the horse of) lusty desires his faults & slips are irreparable & un-compensatiible. • The boon & benevolence which is not thanked for is like the sin not forgiven .• Good state & sound health is the best providence & grant of Allah .• Do not make remedy , for a matter whose time of remedy has not yet come, for , you shall repent & bereave & of course the (span) length of your ages do not grow & longivate but your hearts get hard. Be merciful to your weak & maek one. And seek the mercy of Allah by having mercy & beneficence upon them .• And do know that indeed Allah is the All element & All knowing & His wrath is upon the one who does not accept His pleasure . And verily the one who does not accept His grant is refused that . And the one who does not accept his guidance goes astray. • The one who commits aggression & tyranny & the one who helps him upon it & the one who is pleased over it , are all party & participants in it. ]]> History Sat, 05 Oct 2013 16:28:39 GMT Iraq imposed war to Iran TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Iran- Iraq war began on May 1359 while most of the western counties would help Iraq to reach its goal of destroying Iran because they predicted Iran will turn to a power in the regional by effort. Of course, the prediction is true and now a day Iran is one of the most powerful countries in the Middle East. But why was Iraq chosen? And how did Iraq attack Iran? The answers of these questions need a long time discussion. One of the main n reasons is Iraq history.Iraq officially known as the Republic of Iraq is country in the Middle East and southwest Asia. Its population consists of Shias 60-65%, Sunnis 32-37% and Christians and followers of other religions 3%. Consisting of the most percent of Iraq population by Shias was one of the main reasons for choosing Iraq as an attacker to Iran. The America was aware that if Iraq influence of Iran revolution and unite, they turn to a powerful Shia country. Of course, the U. S. later attacked Iraq and caused improvement of relation between Iraq and Iran. Iran and Iraq have shared common tradition, culture and custom including Imams, Jihad, Martyrdom and the most important one Imam Hussein (peace be upon him)’s uprising because both nation consider it as a symbol of freedom. The holy shrines of six Imams are located in Iraq and Samera and Kazemain are considered as the most holy shrines for pilgrims.The history of Mesopotamia’s history is also one of the main reasons of Iraq’s attack to Iran. It Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. In the Iron Age, it was controlled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires. The indigenous Sumerians and Akkadians (including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire. It fell to Alexander the Great in 332 BC, and after his death, it became part of the Greek Seleucid Empire.Around 150 BC, Mesopotamia was under the control of the Parthians. Mesopotamia became a battleground between the Romans and Parthians, with parts of Mesopotamia coming under ephemeral Roman control. In AD 226, it fell to the Sassanid Persians and remained under Persian rule until the 7th-century Arab Islamic conquest of the Sassanid Empire. A number of primarily neo Assyrian and Christian native Mesopotamian states existed between the 1st century BC and 3rd century AD, including Adiabene, Osroene, and Hatra.Mesopotamia was independent in 1932 and called Republic of Iraq. It means that Iraq as 80 years old country attacked Iran where is 2500 years old. Of course Saddam had struggled by Pahlavi’s regime too.It is interesting to know that in 539 during the war between King Cyrus and Babylon king, Iraq was conquered by Iran. About 500 years BC, government of Iraq different citied was destroyed by Cyrus and Iraq was part of Iran. Obviously, it Great Britain did not conquered Iraq, Iran and Iraq would unite because of common culture and religion and turn to a powerful country. It was what the western countries were scared.Saddam has always loved to be superpower in the region and was called Arab king. Exports of 3.5 million barrels of oil per day before the war in Iraq had turned it as the second largest producer in OPEC. Oil exploration was limited in Iraq but it was seemed that Iraq after Saudi Arabia is considered as the second largest oil reserves in the region. Finally Iraq prepared its self for war because it can increase oil product by conquering Iran. ]]> History Wed, 25 Sep 2013 05:31:13 GMT The Most Loved Poet TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Shahriar is considered the greatest poet in our age. It is possible to get some information about his life style and memories in his poem. All type of interpretation in his poem is close to his life. Also he is considered as the most loved poet because of the theme elicited of his poem. Many of his bittersweet memories are reflected in his books Hazyan-e Del, Heydar Baba and Mumiyai.Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat-Tabrizi was born on 1906-September 18, 1988, mainly known by his pen name, Shahriar is a legendary Iranian poet of Azeri origin, wrote in Azerbaijani and Persian languages. He was the son of Mr. Seyed Esmaeil Mousavi socalled Haj Mir Aqa Khoshknabi.Tabriz in 1328 AH conceived the bloody events. His father moved him to the Qish Qurshan village in Khoshknab. He was spent his childhood there . Heydar Baba is the name of a mountain where the poet spent his childhood.He received his elementary education, including the study of Divan (anthology) of Hafez, under his father’s supervision. In 1331 his father moved him to Tabriz and thought him Arabic literature.Shahriar’s formal education started at Motaheheh School in Tabriz. Then he learned French and religious science. He also practiced calligraphy and wrote the holy Quran. His poem with the pen name , Behjat, was published in literature magazine when he was thirteen years old. He came to Tehran in 1921 and continued his studies in Dar-ol-Fonoun High School and studied pathology there in 1924.At first he met Professor Hasan Saba and he practiced Iranian Music. He was studding religious science as well as other school subjects. He also was present in Sepahsalar mosque where Modaress was teaching there.Shahriar entered in medical school in 1303.In 1313 when he was in Khorasan his father died. He returned in Tehran in 1314 so he was famous out of Iran. He sung Azerbaijani and Persian poem skillfully and from 1329 to 1330 he wrote Heydar Baba that has been translated into the 90 percent of languages in Soviet.His mother died in 1331. He began to write the holy Quran in 1346. When he was in Tabriz he wrote Sahandiyeh . He traveled Tehran in 1350 and his wife died there .At the end of his life he liked to go to Shiraz and be in Hafez tomb but he decided to go to Tabriz. He died on 18 September 1988 in one of the Tehran's hospitals and his body was transferred to Tabriz and was buried in Maqbaratoshoara(House of Poets).Heydar Babaya Salam Heydar Baba when it thunders, Floods rush down Girls stand back and watch, I hail your glory and your people, May you remember our names too? When your partridges take flight, When the rabbits hop out of the bushes, When your gardens have burst into blossoms, May you remember our name too? And make our depressed hearts happy. When Norouz gales uproot garden shelters! And Norouz flowers and snow drops blossom! When the clouds wring out their clothes! Greetings to those who remember us, Let our sighs turn into mountains. Heydar Baba may the sun warm your back Make your smiles and your springs shed tears, Your children collect a bunch of flowers, Send it with the coming wind towards us, Perhaps my sleeping fortune would waken! Heydar Baba may you be fortunate! Be surrounded with springs and orchards! May you live long after us! The world is paved with events, deaths and losses! This world has long been childless and an orphan. Heydar Baba my way differed from yours, Life passed, I could not come until late! I could not learn what happened to your beautiful ones, Did not know there were perilous paths, losses, separations and death. Heydar Baba good sons are faithful, Life passes, regrets are wasteful, Disloyal sons won’t live long, Believe me we have never forgotten you, Forgive us if we failed to see you. ]]> History Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:04:13 GMT Imam Reza Peace Be Upon Him TEHRAN (Asremrooz): During the Islamic history there are some Sunnis, Shias, Jewish and Armenian who have been healed by the infallible Imams or reached their needs when they have requested. However among the infallible Imams, in Iran, Imam Reza (peace be upon him) has more special position so much more greatness of him has been observed. On the other hand, Hazrat Soleyman –Ebn- Hams about the countless rewards for his pilgrims said “I heard that Musa-ebn –Jafar (peace be upon him) said “ everyone who visit the grave of my son , Ali, God will grant him a reward equivalent to seventy Haj”.Once Hazrat Abd-Al Azim Hasani (peace be upon him) asked Imam Javad (peace be upon him) “ I do not know I visit your grandfather in Karbala or your father in Mashhad. Imam Javad said “ please wait” then he went inside and came out while he was crying ans said “ those who visit Imam Hussein are a lot but my father does not have more pilgrims”.In other narrative, Imam Javad (peace be upon him) said “visiting my father is the best because all pilgrims visit imam Hussein (peace be upon him) but those who are special visit my Father”.Imam’s lifetimeOn the eleventh of Dhu al-Qi'dah, 148 AH (December 29, 765 AD), a son was born in the house of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (the seventh Imam of Islam) in Medina, who took over the position of the Imamate, after his father. He was named Ali and titled al-Ridha. Ali al-Ridha's father was martyred in 799, when Ali al-Ridha was 35, and he was given the responsibility of the Imamate.Imam Reza (peace be upon him) was in Medina before his trip to Marw and was teaching the Islamic rules as well as his grandfathers. The people who lived in Medina loved Imam and they considered him as a kind father. Although Imam had spent most of his life in Medina he had many followers.Imam Reza in a conversation with Ma’amun said “ this position does not have any advantage for me because when I was in Medina my order was forced in East and west and there was not any more beloved than me when I was passing in the allays. They always asked their needs and I did their requests.ImamatImamat of Imam Reza (peace be upon him) was announced by his father and grandfather. Especially Imam Kazem repeatedly introduced his son to people. One of the follower of Imam Musa Kazem said “ we were 60 individuals that Imam entered with his son and said “ do you know me?” I said “you are my leader”. He said “say may name and my title” I said “you are Musa-ebn Jafar –ebn Mohammad” he said “who is he with me?” .I said “ he is Ali –ebm Musa” Imam said “ I announced that he is your leader after me”.In a famous Hadith from Jaber that the holy prophet said “ Imam Reza (peace be upon him ) will be your 8th leader”. Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) repeatedly told Imam Musa “ Alem of Mohamad Family is your son”.Political positionImam Reza was the leader of Muslims about twenty year classified in three parts:1. The first ten year of his Imamat which coincided with Harun ‘s government2. Five years coincide with Amin’s government3. Five years coincide with Ma’amun’s governmentGreatness of imam RezaThere are a lot of anecdote of Imam Reza ‘s Greatness published by the name of narrators in different books. According to this report we are going to point some of them in his birthday to be familiar with him.Dastgheib Martyr quoted from Heidar Aqa Tehrani that “many years ago in the holy shrine of Imam Reza I saw an old man with white hair and beard and moustache . I noticed that he could not move. I helped him and asked his address to get him his house. He said “my house is on Kheirat Khan School”. I got him and I fell in his love. I always went his home and helped him. He said “my name is Ebrahim and I am from Iraq and I can speak Farsi well. I come here to visit Imam Reza every year and I come back. When I was young while car was not invented I walked the holy Shrine. In the first trip there were three young boys who were my friends but they could not come with me and they were so upset because of that. When we wanted to say goodbye they were crying a lot and said “you are young and this is your first rip so Imam Reza (peace be upon him)with give your request so say our hello and remember us by pray”. I began my trip to Mashhad when I arrived I was tired and upset. I went to the holy shrine then I fell and slept. I dreamed the Imam Reza (peace be upon him) has some letters and gave to the people when he arrived me, he gave four letters . I asked “why four”. He said “one for you and others for your friends”. I said “it is not suitable for you let others do it”. He answered “they are coming to visit me , I have to help them myself”. I opened one of them and I saw it was written the way to escape from the fire of hell is me .Seyed Nabil Mir Seyed Mohammad Esfahani the grandchild of Mir Seyed Hasan socalled Modaress quoted that Mir Babaye Tabrizi said “ I was eager to say Azan and before my leg was injured I said Azan in one of the village in Tabriz. When I was sick and my leg hurt I could not say Azan. I did not improve although doctors tried more. Once I noticed that some of our neighbors were going to visit Imam Reza ‘s (peace be upon him) shrine”.I was eager to visit him so I accompanied them. They put me in the carriage and went. There was a man from Babieh among us. When he saw me said “why did you bring him?” they said “we want to ask Imam Reza (peace be upon him) to heal him”.He laughed. When we arrived I had visited the holy shrine for three days there. On the last day in the evening I noticed a man wearing green clothes, he said “stand up and say Azan”. I said “I cannot”. He ordered me to say Azan and I noticed I can so I stand and shouted “God is the greatest” . When people heard me they said “it is not a time for Azan, why are you saying Azan?”Because I was eager to it I continued and did not pay attention to them. Suddenly some of them gathered around me and said “he is a man who was sick and he could not stand”. They attacked me to take my clothes. I opened my scarf and escaped safely.A merchant from Tehran went to Mashhad to visit Imam Reza (peace be upon him)Holy shrine. When he was on a trip, one of his friends dreamed that he is visiting there while Imam Reza (peace be upon him) is sitting on the grave. He has stood in front of Imam and threw something toward Imam and he was so upset. He repeated this act and finally the last one hit Imamd’s head and Imam fell. I woke up frighteningly and asked yourself “ what a dream “When his friend came back he decided to ask some question to find out the reason of his dream. He asked “where were you?” he answered “ to visit Imam Reza’ (peace be upon him) shrine” he cried and continued “ when I visited the shrine saw a woman there and put my hand on her hand . She went to another side and I followed her.People who live in Systan and Baluchestan are so patient and hardworking. some of them immigrated to the Gorgan. They lost in farms and rain. Borzu and his family is one of them. Because of hard work he missed his eyes and his wife was so sick. Their older daughter married and their younger daughter Goljamal managed the family. She was a kind and friendly girl and they loved them.In addition to work in the farm, she was doing household chores. She was thinking that I worked more and more and my brothers are getting older and we will be lucky. Unfortunately a disaster made them upset. Their older daughter was disappeared and her body found later. They were more sick and Goljamal went to the semester every day and she was sick to . He did not improve although they tried.On the first day of Khordad in 1370 he went to Mashhad and visited the holy shrine and said “ oh. Imam Reza you know my dad is blind and my mom is disable I have five younger brothers and I have to work and bring money for them”. I hope you heal me. Suddenly she slept and dreamed Imam Reza (peace be upon him) wearing in green clothes. He said “my daughter come to visit”. He wake up and went to the holy shrine and she was healed. ]]> History Tue, 17 Sep 2013 17:16:45 GMT Daughter’s Day TEHRAN (Asremrooz): among the children of Imam Musa –Ebn-Jafar (peace be upon him), Ali-Ebn-Musa and Hazrat Fatemeh Kobra(peace be upon them) have specific characteristic in order to continue their father’s thought.She was born on first day of the month of Zee al-Qa'adah in the year 173 A.H./789 A.D., in the holy city of Madinah Munawwarah. Her holy father was martyred in the Baghdad prison at the hands of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid after undergoing long term of imprisonment and tortures. After the martyrdom of her holy father she came under the care of Imam Reza (peace be upon him), her elder brother.Hazrat Masoumeh was about 10 years old when her father Imam Musa Kazim (peace be upon him) passed away. After her father’s death, Hazrat Masoumeh had a strong connection with her brother Imam Reza (peace be upon him),.Imam Musa al-Kadhim (peace be upon him), named his daughter Fatimah, for the sake of love and special attachment he had with his grandmother Fatimah Zahra (peace be upon him). Fatimah's purity, modesty, and piety were such that after sometime she was referred as "Ma'soomah" (the infallible). This was because like her honorable Father, she used to keep away from all evils and sins.Fatimah Ma'soomah was growing under the shelter of her father and dear mother and was day by day learning new things from both of them. If the father of Fatemah was the Imam of the Muslims and was matchless in his piety and chastity, then her mother was also pious and faithful who had accomplished her essential studies of Islam in the school of the wife of Imam Ja'far Sadiq (peace be upon him). In those days she was the most intelligent amongst all women and it was for reason that the mother of Imam Kadhim (Hamideh) asked him to propose and marry her.Hazrat Fatimah Ma'soomah took advantage of studying in the presence of her father, brother and pious mother. All her young life was full of Islamic education. Every Friday Muslims would come to Medina with their religious questions. After getting their questions answered by Imam Musa al-Kadhim (peace be upon him), they would return to their town. Incidentally, once Imam Kadhim(peace be upon him), was away and Imam Ridha (peace be upon him), was also not around. The Muslims without getting their questions answered were returning home very sad. Fatimah Ma'soomah noticed the sadness and took the papers from them and answered their questions. The Muslims became happy and leftImam Sadiq (peace be upon him) said: soon a lady by the name Fatimah from my family will be buried in Qum. Heaven becomes obligatory on one who visits her.Imam Reza ( peace be upon him) loved his sister so much that he stated “ he who visits Hazrat Masumeh in Qom, he visits me”. ]]> History Tue, 10 Sep 2013 03:26:06 GMT Imam Sadeqh TEHRAN (Asremrooz): having good ethics is one of the best principles of individual and social life as a requirement for human. In fact most of the problems in human life are due to the lack of individual and social ethic in the community. As the supreme leader has emphasized on study about Imams’ life, we are going to investigate Imam Sadeq’ ethic in Martyrdom anniversary of Imam Sadeqh (peace be upon him) in order to model his behaviors and learn how can we live better.Now a day there is lack of ethic principals in all communities therefore in order to solve this great problem we should refer to the greatest ethic teachers including Imams who are the holy prophet’s grandchildren as and the best as people believed in the history and model their behaviors and life style.In Nasekh-Al-Tavarikh about Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him ) has been written “ he never said bad words, shouted, gossiped, ate a lot and hurry whenever it was not necessary.It is written in Imam Sadeqh’s life (Peace be upon him) book “ once he went to say his condolence to one of his relatives while some of his companies were with him. Suddenly his shoes was torn, he put off his shoes and continued. Ebn- Yafour, one of his companies, immediately put off his shoes and gave them to Imam. Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him) not only did not accept his shoes buy also he was upset and stated “ the most qualified person to endure the suffer is its owner”. However he went without shoes until arrived there.It is quoted whenever Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him) had guest, he set the table and invited them to eat more and sometimes after the guests were fed he brought food again and insisted on to eat much and said “the kindest person eat the most”. Then, in order to encourage them to eat he quoted some Hadith of The holy Prophet about eating food. He also stated “ I like to go to the market and buy some food and invite some Muslims in my house and feed them”.Some Sunnis and Shias have quoted his good behaviors indicated his good manner as the 6th Shia’s Imam.Sheykh Mofid wrote in his book “ his knowledge was published and quoted in all the cities. There are four thousand narrators who said his hadith”.Malek _ebn-Anas was one of his companies so he said “ I had served him for a period of time, he always smiled whenever he heard the prophet name his face changed to green and then yellow. Whenever I visited him he was praying, fasting or citing the holy Quran. He always had Vozu and narrated the holy prophet’s hadith.Abou- Hanife said “I have never met anybody who is wiser than him”.Hasan- Ebn Ziad said “I asked Abu Hanife who is the best in Feqh in your opinion? He said Jafar-Ibn Mohammad”.Hassan-ebn-Ziad has written “once Mansour Davaneqhi told me, people pay much attention to Jafar-Ebn –Mohammad and most of them visit him, prepare difficult questions and asked him to answer. I prepared forty questions, when I entered the meeting I saw Imam was sitting in the right of Mansour. I said “hello and sat”. Mansour ordered to ask them. I asked one by one and Imam answered.Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) always helped poor.Moffazal –enb- Qheys said “I visited Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) and complained about my situation and requested for pray. He said “bring my bag and said there is 400 Dinnar in this bag, use it”. I said “I swear God that I did not want money”. He said “I know I will not forget to pray but do not complain”.Hesham –Ebn- Salem said “whenever it was getting dark and the night was passed, he took a bag of bread and meat put them on his shoulder and want to the poor’s house and shared them although they did not know him. After his martyrdom people did not find him so they noticed he was Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him).Mosma- Ebn- Abdolmalek said “I visited Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) in Mena while he was eating grapes , a poor came and requested, Imam ordered to give him a grapes. He said “I do not need grapes please give money:. Imam said “God will give you money “he went and returned. Another poor came and imam gave him three grapes he took and said “thanks God”. Then Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) gave him grapes again.Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) asked his servent who much money do you have”. He answered “ twenty Derham”. Ima said “ give the to this poor”. The poor said “ thanks God” Imam gave him his clithse . he put on and said “ thanks God”. ]]> History Tue, 03 Sep 2013 20:43:57 GMT What Is Recommended to Do on Ramadan 23th? TEHRAN (Asremrooz): it is mentioned in Hadiyat-Alzaer that Ramadan 23th is the best night. Laylatul-Qadr is the night, which is the best night among the nights of the whole year. The "A'maal" (religious performances) of this night are better than the A'maal of 1000 months. In this night the divine Annual Decree is passed. The Angels and Roohul Ameen (A highly dignified Angel) descend on this earth, in that night. These call on the Imam of the time, and what is ordained (by Allah) for everybody is presented before the Imam.The twenty-third night of Ramadan, the last of the Qadr Nights, is more meritorious than the 19th & 21st & many narrations confirm that it is the Qadr Night at which all affairs are decided.1. Recite Surahs of al-`Ankabut and al-Rum . Imam al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Anyone who recites these two Surahs at this night will be included with the people of Paradise.” 2. Recite Surah of al-Dukhan 3. It is recommended to repeat Surah of al-Qadr thousand times4. This pray is recommended O Allah: (please do) prolong my lifetime,وَأَوْسِعْ لِي فِي رِزْقِي، And expand my sustenance,وَأَصِحّ لِي جِسْمِي، And make my body healthy,وَبَلّغْنِي أَمَلِي، And make me attain my hopes,وَإِنْ كُنْتُ مِنَ الأَشْقِيَاءِ فَامْحُنِي مِنَ الأَشْقِيَاءِ And if I am written with the unhappy ones, (please) erase my name from this list,وَاكْتُبْنِي مِنَ السّعَدَاءِ، And write it with the happy ones,فَإِنّكَ قُلْتَ فِي كِتَابِكَ المُنْزَلِ عَلَى نَبِيّكَ المُرْسَلِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ: For You have said in Your Book that You revealed to Your missioned Prophet, Your peace be upon him and his Household:(يَمْحُو اللّهُ مَايَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ وَعِنْدَهُ أُمّ الكِتَابِ) “Allah makes to pass away and establishes what He pleases, and with Him is the basis of the Book.” 5. Recite the following prayاللّهُمّ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَفِيمَا تُقَدّرُ O Allah: (please), among the matters that You decide and make,مِنَ الأَمْرِ المَحْتُومِ From among the inevitable affairs,وَفِيمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ الحَكِيمِ And from among the wise matters that You make distinct,فِي لَيْلَةِ القَدْرِ At the Grand Nightمِنَ القَضَاءِ الّذِي لا يُرَدّ وَلا يُبَدّلُ From among the act that is neither rejected nor altered,أَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الحَرَامِ That You decide me to be with the pilgrims to Your Holy House,فِي عَامِي هذَا At this year,المَبْرُورِ حَجّهُمُ، Those whose pilgrimage is admitted,المَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمُ، Whose efforts are praised,المَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمُ، Whose sins are forgiven,المُكَفّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيّئَاتُهُمْ، And whose offenses and pardoned.وَاجْعَلْ فِيمَا تِقْضِي وَتُقَدّرُ And (please), among the matters that You decide and make, أَنْ تُطِيلَ عُمْرِي، Decide to prolong my lifetime,وَتُوَسّعَ لِي فِي رِزْقِي. And to expand my sustenance.6. Recite the following supplication 3 that is mentioned in the book of ‘Iqbal al-A`mal’ يَا بَاطِناً فِي ظُهُورِهِ، O He Who is intrinsic though He is evident,ويَا ظَاهِراً فِي بُطُونِهِ، And He Who is evident though He is intrinsic;وَيَا بَاطِناً لَيْسَ يَخْفَى، O He Who is intrinsic that is not missedوَيَا ظَاهِراً لَيْسَ يُرَى، And He Who is evident but He cannot be seen;يَا مَوْصُوفاً لا يَبْلُغُ بِكَيْنُونَتِهِ مَوْصُوفٌ وَلا حَدّ مَحْدُودٌ، O He Who is described, but neither any other described thing nor can any boundary attain His Being;وَيَا غَائِباً غَيْرَ مَفْقُودٍ، O He Who is absent but not lost,وَيَا شَاهِداً غَيْرَ مَشْهُودٍ، And He Who is present but not witnessed.يُطْلَبُ فَيُصَابُ، When He is sought, He shall be obtained,وَلَمْ يَخْلُ مِنْهُ السّمَاوَاتُ وَالأَرْضُ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ، And neither the heavens, nor the earth nor can anything that is between them be empty of Him.لا يُدْرَكُ بِكَيْفٍ، He cannot be realized by asking ‘How is He?’وَلا يُؤَيّنُ بِأَيْنٍ وَلا بِحَيْثٍ، And His place cannot be identified by asking, ‘Where is He?’ or ‘What is His place?’أَنْتَ نُورُ النّورِ وَرَبّ الأَرْبَابِ، You are verily the light of all lights and the Lord of all lords.أَحَطْتَ بِجَمِيعِ الأُمورِ، You have comprehended all things.سُبحَانَ مَنْ لَيْسَ كَمِثِلهِ شَيْءٌ Glory be to Him Whose like is nonexistent,وَهُوَ السّميعُ البَصيرُ! And He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.سبحَانَ مَنْ هُوَ هكَذَا وَلا هَكَذَا غَيْرُه! Glory be to Him Who is in this state and nothing else can be ever in his state7. Do a new ghusl (bathing), other than the first one, at the last hours of night.8. Recite Imam Hossein Ziarat9. Say 100 Rakats Pray and cite Touhid Surah 10 times. Abu-Basir Asked Imam Sadeq “ if I cannot “ Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) said “ say it while you are sitting”. Again was asked “if I cannot “Imam Sadeq answered “say it while you are lying”.Islam prophet prayed all nights of Ramadan. Hazrat Zahra did not allow her children sleep this night. They rested in day to stay awake late at night.Imam Sadeq was severely sick, but on Ramadan 23th some helped him and took him to mosque and he recited the holy quran and said pray. ]]> History Wed, 31 Jul 2013 09:42:51 GMT