TEHRAN (Asremrooz): it is mentioned in Hadiyat-Alzaer that Ramadan 23th is the best night. Laylatul-Qadr is the night, which is the best night among the nights of the whole year. The "A'maal" (religious performances) of this night are better than the A'maal of 1000 months. In this night the divine Annual Decree is passed. The Angels and Roohul Ameen (A highly dignified Angel) descend on this earth, in that night. These call on the Imam of the time, and what is ordained (by Allah) for everybody is presented before the Imam.
The twenty-third night of Ramadan, the last of the Qadr Nights, is more meritorious than the 19th & 21st & many narrations confirm that it is the Qadr Night at which all affairs are decided.
1. Recite Surahs of al-`Ankabut and al-Rum . Imam al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Anyone who recites these two Surahs at this night will be included with the people of Paradise.”
2. Recite Surah of al-Dukhan
3. It is recommended to repeat Surah of al-Qadr thousand times
4. This pray is recommended O Allah: (please do) prolong my lifetime,
وَأَوْسِعْ لِي فِي رِزْقِي، And expand my sustenance,
وَأَصِحّ لِي جِسْمِي، And make my body healthy,
وَبَلّغْنِي أَمَلِي، And make me attain my hopes,
وَإِنْ كُنْتُ مِنَ الأَشْقِيَاءِ فَامْحُنِي مِنَ الأَشْقِيَاءِ And if I am written with the unhappy ones, (please) erase my name from this list,
وَاكْتُبْنِي مِنَ السّعَدَاءِ، And write it with the happy ones,
فَإِنّكَ قُلْتَ فِي كِتَابِكَ المُنْزَلِ عَلَى نَبِيّكَ المُرْسَلِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ: For You have said in Your Book that You revealed to Your missioned Prophet, Your peace be upon him and his Household:
(يَمْحُو اللّهُ مَايَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ وَعِنْدَهُ أُمّ الكِتَابِ) “Allah makes to pass away and establishes what He pleases, and with Him is the basis of the Book.”
5. Recite the following pray
اللّهُمّ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَفِيمَا تُقَدّرُ O Allah: (please), among the matters that You decide and make,
مِنَ الأَمْرِ المَحْتُومِ From among the inevitable affairs,
وَفِيمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ الحَكِيمِ And from among the wise matters that You make distinct,
فِي لَيْلَةِ القَدْرِ At the Grand Night
مِنَ القَضَاءِ الّذِي لا يُرَدّ وَلا يُبَدّلُ From among the act that is neither rejected nor altered,
أَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الحَرَامِ That You decide me to be with the pilgrims to Your Holy House,
فِي عَامِي هذَا At this year,
المَبْرُورِ حَجّهُمُ، Those whose pilgrimage is admitted,
المَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمُ، Whose efforts are praised,
المَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمُ، Whose sins are forgiven,
المُكَفّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيّئَاتُهُمْ، And whose offenses and pardoned.
وَاجْعَلْ فِيمَا تِقْضِي وَتُقَدّرُ And (please), among the matters that You decide and make,
أَنْ تُطِيلَ عُمْرِي، Decide to prolong my lifetime,
وَتُوَسّعَ لِي فِي رِزْقِي. And to expand my sustenance.
6. Recite the following supplication 3 that is mentioned in the book of ‘Iqbal al-A`mal’
يَا بَاطِناً فِي ظُهُورِهِ، O He Who is intrinsic though He is evident,
ويَا ظَاهِراً فِي بُطُونِهِ، And He Who is evident though He is intrinsic;
وَيَا بَاطِناً لَيْسَ يَخْفَى، O He Who is intrinsic that is not missed
وَيَا ظَاهِراً لَيْسَ يُرَى، And He Who is evident but He cannot be seen;
يَا مَوْصُوفاً لا يَبْلُغُ بِكَيْنُونَتِهِ مَوْصُوفٌ وَلا حَدّ مَحْدُودٌ، O He Who is described, but neither any other described thing nor can any boundary attain His Being;
وَيَا غَائِباً غَيْرَ مَفْقُودٍ، O He Who is absent but not lost,
وَيَا شَاهِداً غَيْرَ مَشْهُودٍ، And He Who is present but not witnessed.
يُطْلَبُ فَيُصَابُ، When He is sought, He shall be obtained,
وَلَمْ يَخْلُ مِنْهُ السّمَاوَاتُ وَالأَرْضُ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ، And neither the heavens, nor the earth nor can anything that is between them be empty of Him.
لا يُدْرَكُ بِكَيْفٍ، He cannot be realized by asking ‘How is He?’
وَلا يُؤَيّنُ بِأَيْنٍ وَلا بِحَيْثٍ، And His place cannot be identified by asking, ‘Where is He?’ or ‘What is His place?’
أَنْتَ نُورُ النّورِ وَرَبّ الأَرْبَابِ، You are verily the light of all lights and the Lord of all lords.
أَحَطْتَ بِجَمِيعِ الأُمورِ، You have comprehended all things.
سُبحَانَ مَنْ لَيْسَ كَمِثِلهِ شَيْءٌ Glory be to Him Whose like is nonexistent,
وَهُوَ السّميعُ البَصيرُ! And He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
سبحَانَ مَنْ هُوَ هكَذَا وَلا هَكَذَا غَيْرُه! Glory be to Him Who is in this state and nothing else can be ever in his state
7. Do a new ghusl (bathing), other than the first one, at the last hours of night.
8. Recite Imam Hossein Ziarat
9. Say 100 Rakats Pray and cite Touhid Surah 10 times. Abu-Basir Asked Imam Sadeq “ if I cannot “ Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) said “ say it while you are sitting”. Again was asked “if I cannot “Imam Sadeq answered “say it while you are lying”.
Islam prophet prayed all nights of Ramadan. Hazrat Zahra did not allow her children sleep this night. They rested in day to stay awake late at night.
Imam Sadeq was severely sick, but on Ramadan 23th some helped him and took him to mosque and he recited the holy quran and said pray.