TEHRAN (Asremrooz): having good ethics is one of the best principles of individual and social life as a requirement for human. In fact most of the problems in human life are due to the lack of individual and social ethic in the community. As the supreme leader has emphasized on study about Imams’ life, we are going to investigate Imam Sadeq’ ethic in Martyrdom anniversary of Imam Sadeqh (peace be upon him) in order to model his behaviors and learn how can we live better.
Now a day there is lack of ethic principals in all communities therefore in order to solve this great problem we should refer to the greatest ethic teachers including Imams who are the holy prophet’s grandchildren as and the best as people believed in the history and model their behaviors and life style.
In Nasekh-Al-Tavarikh about Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him ) has been written “ he never said bad words, shouted, gossiped, ate a lot and hurry whenever it was not necessary.
It is written in Imam Sadeqh’s life (Peace be upon him) book “ once he went to say his condolence to one of his relatives while some of his companies were with him. Suddenly his shoes was torn, he put off his shoes and continued. Ebn- Yafour, one of his companies, immediately put off his shoes and gave them to Imam. Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him) not only did not accept his shoes buy also he was upset and stated “ the most qualified person to endure the suffer is its owner”. However he went without shoes until arrived there.
It is quoted whenever Imam Sadeqh (Peace be upon him) had guest, he set the table and invited them to eat more and sometimes after the guests were fed he brought food again and insisted on to eat much and said “the kindest person eat the most”. Then, in order to encourage them to eat he quoted some Hadith of The holy Prophet about eating food. He also stated “ I like to go to the market and buy some food and invite some Muslims in my house and feed them”.
Some Sunnis and Shias have quoted his good behaviors indicated his good manner as the 6th Shia’s Imam.
Sheykh Mofid wrote in his book “ his knowledge was published and quoted in all the cities. There are four thousand narrators who said his hadith”.
Malek _ebn-Anas was one of his companies so he said “ I had served him for a period of time, he always smiled whenever he heard the prophet name his face changed to green and then yellow. Whenever I visited him he was praying, fasting or citing the holy Quran. He always had Vozu and narrated the holy prophet’s hadith.
Abou- Hanife said “I have never met anybody who is wiser than him”.
Hasan- Ebn Ziad said “I asked Abu Hanife who is the best in Feqh in your opinion? He said Jafar-Ibn Mohammad”.
Hassan-ebn-Ziad has written “once Mansour Davaneqhi told me, people pay much attention to Jafar-Ebn –Mohammad and most of them visit him, prepare difficult questions and asked him to answer. I prepared forty questions, when I entered the meeting I saw Imam was sitting in the right of Mansour. I said “hello and sat”. Mansour ordered to ask them. I asked one by one and Imam answered.
Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) always helped poor.
Moffazal –enb- Qheys said “I visited Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) and complained about my situation and requested for pray. He said “bring my bag and said there is 400 Dinnar in this bag, use it”. I said “I swear God that I did not want money”. He said “I know I will not forget to pray but do not complain”.
Hesham –Ebn- Salem said “whenever it was getting dark and the night was passed, he took a bag of bread and meat put them on his shoulder and want to the poor’s house and shared them although they did not know him. After his martyrdom people did not find him so they noticed he was Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him).
Mosma- Ebn- Abdolmalek said “I visited Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) in Mena while he was eating grapes , a poor came and requested, Imam ordered to give him a grapes. He said “I do not need grapes please give money:. Imam said “God will give you money “he went and returned. Another poor came and imam gave him three grapes he took and said “thanks God”. Then Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) gave him grapes again.
Imam Sadeqh( peace be upon him) asked his servent who much money do you have”. He answered “ twenty Derham”. Ima said “ give the to this poor”. The poor said “ thanks God” Imam gave him his clithse . he put on and said “ thanks God”.